PhD, (Economic Geography), University of Oxford, 2003.
Research area: Offshore Outsourcing: Russian made software in a global era. This project investigates the relations between offshore and onshore, focusing on certification, regulatory space, government programs, and firm strategies for conducting transnational projects. Research project funded by the British Academy and the Nuffield Foundation; Trust in Small Firms: Beyond Individual Agency. Research funded through post-doctoral research fellowship; Invisible City: St Petersburg Between the Walls. This project investigates the transformations in the urban space of St Petersburg, focusing on new forms of: spatial enclosure, vertical and subterranean expansion, conversion of military space, and residential real estate that are emerging in the post-Soviet period